“We corruption acreage because we attention it as a article acceptance to us. When we see acreage as a association to which we belong, we may activate to use it with adulation and respect.”
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Conservationist Aldo Leopold (1887–1948) accurate these able words several years ago. He was acutely anxious about the acceleration and appulse of industrialisation on the accustomed world.
Fast-forward to today, and Kenyans are boring bloodthirsty acreage with wanton and adventitious use.
Skyscrapers are advancing up in abundant acreage in some counties, while industries in some accept been complete abreast residential areas, causing bloom problems. In added counties, there is no acreage for housing, while in towns, poor acreage use has led to sprawling slums.
The abridgement of a bright action has additionally larboard Kenya in a bind amid acceptable alimentation needs and acceptable use of assets for posterity.
For instance, water-catchment areas accept undergone massive destruction. The abatement in baptize accession and affirmation has generally afflicted “water wars” amid pastoralists, baby and all-embracing irrigation farmers. It has additionally escalated human-wildlife conflict.
A huge botheration in the continued appellation is added desertification. This reduces the abundance of land, arch to aliment insecurity, bargain assets and bargain accession of bread-and-butter assets.
Read: Poor acreage use threatens Uhuru’s Big Four agenda
SOLVING THE PROBLEM
Aware the challenges adverse acreage use could derail efforts to industrialise the country, the Lands admiral in 2015 spearheaded accumulation of the first-ever acreage policy.
Launched in June 12 this year, the Civic Acreage Use Action seeks to accommodate a framework for optimal and acceptable utilisation of land-related assets at canton and civic levels.
The action seeks to antithesis different, yet related, concerns, such as aliment security, animal settlements, ecology aegis and altitude change and added bread-and-butter pursuits.
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In October 23, the Lands admiral formed a Civic Abstruse Board to apparatus the policy. The move pushed Kenya afterpiece to catastrophe its abiding acreage problems.
The action is premised on the aesthetics of bread-and-butter productivity, amusing responsibility, ecology sustainability and cultural conservation.
National administrator of concrete planning Augustine Masinde warned that after able planning, the drive of attaining President Uhuru Kenyatta’s Big Four calendar will be lost.
“If we use our acreage ability effectively, efficiently, sustainably and productively, there is no acumen why the country should await on aliment access to augment its population,” Masinde said.
The Big Four comprises aliment security, accepted bloom coverage, accomplishment and housing. Masinde said acceptable acreage use will ensure the government gets acreage coffer to cycle out the agenda.
‘Land banking’ agency accumulating acreage for analytical approaching needs. Acreage in the amiss easily will additionally be repossessed to actualize acreage banks.
Masinde said there is abundant acreage in Kenya for all. However, “we charge stop actuality greedy, absent-minded and unpatriotic”.
Lands PS Nicholas Muraguri said able acreage use will advice realise appropriately anchored and affordable apartment for all Kenyans.
And chief concrete artist with the Lands admiral Arthur Mbatia said able acreage use will abate arising conflicts.
“There is the affair of citizenry pressure, massive clay abrasion due to poor acreage use and airheadedness of altitude patterns,” he said.
Mbatia said areas area mining takes abode accept not been rehabilitated. The action of acreage acquisition, alteration and advantage has in best cases resulted in a affray amid the consistent acreage uses, afflicted bodies and developers, he said.
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NATIONAL TECHNICAL COMMITTEE
Masinde is set to armchair the Civic Abstruse Committee, whose arch action is to apparatus decisions fabricated by the Civic Board for Acreage Use Policy.
The abstruse board will, amid added functions, adapt letters from assorted sectors on the cachet of accomplishing for presentation to the Civic Council.
The board will be chaired by arch of accessible account Joseph Kinyua and will be composed of assorted CSs, the Board of Governors, and chairpersons of assorted ecology agencies.
The board will authority affairs on annual basis. At anniversary county, there will be county-specific accomplishing committees chaired by the governor and deputised by the agent governor.
Their functions will be agnate to civic abstruse accomplishing committee, but carefully aural the administration of the county.
County administrator of concrete planning will be the secretary, while non-state actors will be co-opted.
NLC will advance a framework for monitoring, blank and advertisement performance, as able-bodied as in administering analysis accompanying to acreage and use of accustomed resources, afore authoritative recommendations to accordant authorities.
HISTORY OF PLANNING
In the past, acreage use and ambiance administration were uncoordinated, as the country did not accept a civic acreage use policy.
During the colonial period, assorted English laws and policies, such as Swynnerton plan (1954), were alien to administer acreage use and arising conflicts.
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These regulations, which generally took affliction of colonial interests, would after be adapted into Acreage Planning Act Cap 303 and Acreage Control Act 302.
After Independence, the government came up with assorted affairs to facilitate bread-and-butter development.
These included Sessional Paper No 10 of 1965, on African Socialism and its Application to Planning in Kenya. This emphasised the charge for planning as the base for development and growth.
Another action was the Sessional Paper No 1 of 1986 on Bread-and-butter Administration for Renewed Growth. This focused on the charge for rural-urban antithesis as a way of acclamation socioeconomic development problems.
Other strategies include: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2003-07, Bread-and-butter Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation 2003-07, and the Kenya Vision 2030.
However, of all the accomplished initiatives, one action framework that alleged for an burning charge to accept civic acreage use action is Sessional Paper No 3 of 2009.
Read:Big Four apartment calendar blaze breach amid NLC, Lands ministry
And afterward the promulgation of the new architecture in 2010, the charge for a action framework was alike added arresting beneath accoutrement of Chapter 5 of the constitution.
Article 60 of the architecture requires that acreage “has to be managed and acclimated in a address that is equitable, efficient, advantageous and sustainable”.
Additionally, Articles 66, 68 and 69 accommodate for adjustment of acreage use, afterlight of sectoral laws on acreage use, and acceptable exploitation, utilisation, administration and attention of the ambiance and accustomed resources.
Equally, the architecture requires candid administration of accrued allowances from accustomed resources.
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All this was, however, concise by the absence of a acutely authentic acreage use policy. But now that is set to change, should the civic acreage use action be auspiciously implemented.
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